The press releases linked to this email are issued by the respective companies, which provided all the information included therein. Institutional Marketing Services, Inc. (IMS) does not endorse or independently verify the completeness or accuracy of any of the information. The information in the linked releases speaks as of the respective dates of the original issuance of the releases, and recipients should not assume that material changes have not occurred since the publication and/or dissemination of such releases. This email is not an offer or solicitation to purchase the securities of any of the companies mentioned in this email or the linked materials. Recipients should not rely on the data or information contained in this email in making an investment decision about any of these companies. IMS or any of its affiliates may sell shares in any of the client companies following release of this Client News Email or at any other time.

IMS is an investor relations company and is compensated for its services, including the publication of this Client News Email, by the clients mentioned in this email. The compensation typically includes a cash retainer in an amount up to approximately $10,000 per month, as well as stock, or rights to acquire stock, in amounts determined based on the nature of the services and other factors.